What diseases can be diagnosed by Urine Routine Examination

A urinalysis or urine routine examination can screen for any underlying health conditions that might be not visible by the naked eye. Many kinds of kidney diseases and other health conditions such as diabetes can also be detected through the help of a urine routine test.

Generally, a urine routine examination involves the checking of urine color, concentration of urine, and the content of urine. Various compounds are present in your urine and measuring the presence of each can help in the early diagnosis of medical conditions such as bladder infection.

Why is the test done?

Urine routine test could be performed for multiple reasons and is a common test, the reasons include:

  • Diagnosis: the test could be recommended by your doctor if you have unnatural abdominal pain, blood in your urine, or painful urination. Through the test, any underlying health condition would come to light, and then treatment could begin.
  • Monitoring a medical condition: medical conditions such as kidney diseases and urinary tract infections of all sorts can be monitored through a simple urine test. Regular tests would provide proof to you and your doctor that your condition is improving.
  • Checking overall health: routine medical examinations these days include urine tests as a regular checkup. The test could be performed to screen for many diseases such as kidney infections, bladder problems, liver diseases, and diabetes.

Diseases that can be diagnosed by Urine Routine Examination:

  • Urinary tract infections:

All adults have heard about a UTI at least once in their life. It’s a very common disease and approximately 40% of all women face it at some point in their lives whereas 8% of all men suffer through it. The symptoms of a urinary tract infection could be painful urination, pain during sexual intercourse, blood in the urine.

If you are experiencing the symptoms getting a urine routine examination done will help you load. It’s important to quickly get a proper diagnosis as it could be some other serious condition other than a urinary tract infection.

  • Kidney function:

Large quantities of albumin or increased levels of albumin present in the urine cause a condition known as Microalbuminuria. Test for Microalbuminuria is done very frequently in the starting years of when diabetes is diagnosed in an individual. microalbumin: Creatinine ratio can be looked at as an early indicator for many renal diseases.

  • Cancer:

Cancer screening methods are conventionally very expensive. Urine routine examination is an inexpensive way to screen for 3 types of cancer. The 3 types of cancer are bladder cancer, uterus cancer, and kidney cancer. Oftentimes if there is blood in your urine it could mean that you have cancer, infection, or a kidney stone.

  • Blood pressure:

High blood pressure is a very common phenomenon among many individuals these days. Through a urine routine test, such a condition can be detected by testing for catecholamines. Metanephrine and normetanephrine are hormones that when excessively produced in some peculiar cases can result in high blood pressure in individuals.

  • Sexually transmitted diseases:

Through the help of a urine test many sexually transmitted diseases can also be screened for. The presence of organisms such as Trichomoniasis in the urine can indicate to the individual having a sexually transmitted disease.

Tests included in urine routine examinations: 

Several different types of tests can be subjected upon you depending on your health condition and medical condition. Generally, the test includes aspects such as the chemical appearance of urine, color, and appearance of urine, and microscopic findings in urine.

  • Microscopic findings: the technician in the lab will go over the urine sample and look for microscopic findings such as: – cells like red blood cells and white blood cells. Cell fragments and other mucus present in the sample could also point to an underlying condition.
  • Chemical findings: a dipstick is a special test strip that is used for chemical findings when going through the results of a urine routine examination. The stick changes color when it comes in contact with urine, the degree of the change in color gives different results.
  • Color and appearance: cloudy or pale-yellow urine can tell a lot about what condition you might be suffering from. It all depends on what concentration your urine is of, but the appearance of your urine can point the technicians in the right direction.

A urine routine examination is recommended to an individual at least once a year. Although, people with diabetes and other diseases might be advised to get a urine routine examination more often than regular individuals. The test is extremely helpful as it screens for many health conditions and diseases and is an inexpensive way to find the cause of your pain. A urine routine examination can also be a part of your regular medical examination.

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